Views from the 23-mile long Chesapeake Bay Tunnel Bridge connecting the Delmarva Peninsula to Virginia Beach:
We spent well over an hour at the American Revolutionary War site of Yorktown, site of the war's decisive battle and the rise of George Washington as a political leader. Strangely enough, I took no photos there.
A few photos from the car as we drove next through historic Williamsburg, Virginia as we decided to not stop there because of the limited time we had.
Stopping at nearby Jamestown Settlement held more allure for us when we arrived about 3 pm. Not being a native-born American, I knew little about it beforehand and was interested to learn it was the first 'permanent' or, as some historians say, the first 'sustained' settlement in the US. For a variety of reasons, the English settlers only remained for about ten years before moving to other areas of the state.
The re-created Powhatan Indian Village at Jamestown:
After clambering over the ships, we walked a hundred yards or so to James Fort, the next section of the settlement. The English settlers built the fort in order to protect themselves from raids by the Spanish and local Indians. The fort, representing 1610-1614, had thatched-roof houses, a storehouse and a church inside a triangular palisade.
These were the tiniest barrels I had ever seen. There were no signs but we suspected they stored gunpowder judging by the cannonballs in the same storeroom.
While visiting the ships previously, we had heard a rifle being fired. Now we got to see the matchlock rifle with four moving parts being shot ourselves.
The rifles, which varied in weight from 12-20 pounds each, were used to defend against the Powhatan Indians.
The church, representing the Church of England faith, must have played an important role in the lives of the new Americans because it was very large in proportion to the rest of the fort. My English mother was a lifelong member of the Church of England and its Canadian equivalent, the Anglican church in Ottawa.
The plaque on the tall structure, erected on the 350th anniversary of the settlement, said 'At Jamestown began the expansion overseas of the English-speaking peoples.'